Neck pain and symptoms caused by a neck (cervical) spine disorder are a very common problem for many adult. The neck spine is composed of many different anatomic structures, including muscles, bones, ligaments, and joints. Each of these structures has nerve endings that can detect painful problems when they occur. The different parts of the neck spine are normally well balanced and able to handle all of the movements, stresses, and strains of the body gracefully. However, when the different parts of the neck spine are injured or start to wear out, your neck can be a significant source of pain and discomfort.
Studies show that approximately 50% of the population has evidence of degenerative changes in their neck spine by the age of fifty. These changes happen because the discs that act as shock absorbers between the vertebral bodies of the neck spine wear out, as we grow older. As the intervertebral disks wear out, they begin to collapse, or herniate, and become less flexible. The common causes of neck pain and cervical disorders include arthritis, injuries, and trauma. In some situations neck pain can also be a warning sign of something more serious such as spinal cord compression, a tumor, or spinal infection.
Any patient suffering from neck, shoulder, head or arm pain should be examined by a doctor in order to determine where the pain originates and what is causing the pain. The tissues involved in producing the pain must also be identified, and how they are being irritated must also be understood. The history of the pain and any activities that may have triggered it are also important factors in diagnosis and treatment. Impairment of movement in any part of the cervical spine can be responsible for pain, discomfort, and disability.