Tips for Seniors

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is caused by the wearing down of cartilage in the joints of the body, causing varying degrees of pain, stiffness and swelling. Osteoporosis affects many people over the age of 70. However, there are preventative measures and coping strategies that can help seniors with the disease remain active and enjoy a good quality of life.

Symptoms

  • Pain in or around a joint
  • Stiffness or problems in moving a joint
  • Swelling sometimes in a joint

What to do to help prevent Osteoporosis

  • Be screened – painless bone density
  • Include calcium in your diet
  • Get enough vitamin D
  • Be active
  • Avoid smoking
  • Try to prevent falls

Who is at risk?

  • Older women are especially at risk for osteoporosis. Some risk factors include:
  • Slender, small bones
  • Low calcium diet
  • Low physical activity
  • Ovaries removed or menopause before age 45
  • Past menopause
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Too much caffeine or alcohol intake
  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Excessive use of some medicines (ie. Cortisone, prednisome, anticonvulsants)
  • Previous fracture

Prevention:

  • Include calcium in your diet (1000 – 1500 mg)
  • Get enough vitamin D
  • Be active every day
  • Avoid smoking
  • Be careful about falling!

Treatments:

  • Hormone Therapy
  • Pain Management
  • Get Diagnosed

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